Investigating Anti-WiFi Activists in Canada

Skeptic North has been quite vocal during the debate over cellular and wireless technology and their purported health effects in the past.  There has been a terrific investigation into certain sauna salesmen and their claims of expertise over WiFi by Steve Thoms here as well.  Bad Science Watch, the new Canadian science advocacy group, launched a project last week to do a more comprehensive investigation into all of the groups and individuals in Canada making anti-wifi claims to uncover any undeclared commercial interests and fully document all of those  spreading mis-information about wireless technology and electro-hypersensitivity (EHS).

In the debate over which projects to tackle first, we had a number of considerations  not the least of which is the desire to have a “win” early and not waste our efforts on low impact ideas.  It has also been suggested by some of our supporters that we should let the industry fight the battle over WiFi and cellular tech.  After all, they have a much bigger vested interest in the outcome and by speaking out on behalf of the science we are giving them a free boost that they don’t need.  We see the problem differently, which is why we are focusing on wireless internet hubs and the bogus diagnosis of EHS in this upcoming project.

While the epidemic of brain cancer caused by cellular telephone use has yet to materialise, it is important for us to continue studying it.  However, the plausibility that WiFi hubs are creating sick people has never been demonstrated and those who are promoting the diagnosis if EHS do not have science on their side.  Even more, the opportunity cost of missing a diagnosis of a dangerous heart condition or a debilitating anxiety disorder is high if we let EHS distract from mainstream scientific medicine.

This project will let us characterise all of those promoting these ideas and set the stage for future efforts to combat their pseudo-science.  Please help us accomplish this task by volunteering to a project committee or donating today.  There is only a few days left in our founder’s campaign to raise $6000.00 for our first year’s operating costs and first project budgets, so we could use your help.  Go to www.badsciencewatch.ca for more information on volunteering or donating.

We are also looking for scientific and legal advisers to help legitimize our efforts and make sure we stick to the science, if you are looking to have an impact on Canadian society through the promotion of science in public policy, please email me at mkruse@badsciencewatch.ca.

15 Responses to “Investigating Anti-WiFi Activists in Canada”

  1. deever says:

    “those who are promoting the diagnosis if [sic] EHS do not have science on their side. Even more, the opportunity cost of missing a diagnosis of a dangerous heart condition or a debilitating anxiety disorder is high if we let EHS distract from mainstream scientific medicine”

    What’s the opp cost of waiting for definitive sci per the skeptoworld, when evidence from quite rational, attentive, articulate sufferers should rather be at the forefront in public policy consideration?

    “make sure we stick to the science”

    Let’s doubt that, based on past performance, of relying on selective summaries and judgements of the compromised or incurious.

    Stick to wifi for a sure-thing “win”? Not a good choice, Michael. Various recent studies indicate danger, notably re reproductive function. Notables are now speaking out as well of late on the danger of wifi-ing specifically children, from a senior in radiation research in Russia (Grigoriev) to a senior in the Israeli health ministry (Litzman).

    Will you uncharacteristically dig around your sci world to get at what has really been going on? More likely, again based on past skepto performance, you will rest content with some 5 removes from where the action is, not with the misbehaviour of wireless pushers, nor with resultant corrupted science, nor with regulatory capture, nor with openminded critical but generous consideration of evidence from sufferers and those close to them, but you’ll focus on some fantasy about conflicts generated in the minds of the latter.

    Shall a wifi opponent analyze the skeptoworld’s motivations? Go ahead & distract yourselves, skeptos.

  2. elemental says:

    I’ll volunteer as a scientific advisor. I’m a graduate student in physics, specializing in quantum optics — does that qualify me? Sorry, I forgot — science has little to do with “sceptics’” investigations, at least when it comes to the wireless question. Rather, armchair primary-school physics and pseudoscience are preferred in those circles.

    Simply amazing that you folks would concern yourselves with undeclared commercial interests of public health advocates and genuinely concerned citizens, while in the same breath gobbling up industry-funded studies on wireless and health without shame.

    • Erik Davis says:

      I’m guessing you’d be disqualified for being so douchily condescending before they even looked at your CV, but I’m not on the selection committee.

      Amazing how you & deever always seem to show up as twofer.

      • deever says:

        So, just like on the other recent related page here, where Sousa complains of name calling, you worry about condescension — it really is about emotions, isn’t it? Not about real rational critical skeptical inquiry. “Skepticism” comes out yet again as religious surrogate. How’s this for a “twofer” – let elemental be your sci guide, i’ll be your study subject. Find out what’s in it for me, that i spend this time harping on the dangers of wireless. Must be a whole industry behind me to validate.

      • Erik Davis says:

        Not offended Darryl, more bemused and baffled by the arrogance of the comment.

  3. j carroll says:

    Governments worldwide have commissioned scientists to study the biological effects of emf’s(electromagnetic frequencies)on human health for decades.
    We all know from medical use that radiation is a dangerous substance and must be carefully used. When the World Health Organization issues a warning that emfs from wireless technology may possibly cause cancer it is prudent for users of wireless technology to take note.
    Scientists like Martin Blank of New York, USA have the evidence of the destruction caused to DNA of living cells from the radiation from emfs. Henry Lai who was commissioned by the US goverment to study the biological effects of emfs from radar has scientific evidence of the damage caused to living cells. Lennart Hardell has monitored cell phone users for a ten year period + and has the evidence of the increased rate of brain cancer.
    Short of putting ones head in the sand it is not possible to say that there is no need for concern.

    • Doubting Thomas says:

      Yes, indeed it is still possible to say there is no need for concern. While several researchers have reported findings of positive associations between EMF emissions and health, many others have reported negative results. All of these studies have been dissected and weighed by national and international expert panels, and their evaluations published in a number of review reports. The conclusion of the expert reviews is pretty much the same as what you will find on the WHO website: ‘To date, researchers have not found evidence that multiple exposures to RF fields below threshold levels cause any adverse health effects. No accumulation of damage occurs to tissues from repeated low level RF exposure. At present, there is no substantive evidence that adverse health effects, including cancer, can occur in people exposed to RF levels at or below’ (factsheet 226). No amount of huffing and puffing from fringe scientists will change this conclusion unless strong and convincing evidence emerges from ongoing research – which seems less and less likely, considering the most recent study results. This is why it is possible to say there is no need for concern. Unless you have your focus on fear and ignorance rather than rigorous science, that is.

      • deever says:

        Credulous Thomas,
        Your remarks betray gross ignorance except of what your culturally or grossly co-opted mainstream “authorities” tell you. Shill away. Who cares who is on your percceived “fringe”, how about caring for what is right? What on earth can you possibly know about the actual science on topic out there? I recently read two upcoming textbook chapters — yes, for instruction of the next generation of yet to be co-opted biophysicists — describing mechanisms of harm from manmade emfs. It ain’t simplistically all about power levels. How long before it penetrates the mainstream? Looks like skeptos ‘ll be last to find out, as they wait for their current “authorities” to die off or come around somehow, and even then some, like I bet Trottier will cling to his religious defence of the indefensible.

  4. Art Tricque says:

    “Incurious” is an adjective that does not apply to the skeptic community. It is because we didn’t know the totality of the science around RF and can conceive of other hypotheses that we know the scaremongering of some is bunkum. When ex-media members alleged issues in Collingwood and claimed they had checked other possibilities, we asked “which ones?“ No answer was ever given to the hundreds that one could conceive of. Robert Riedlinger makes all kinds of allusions in WEEP News without any discussion of alternatives that the publisher, Martin Weatherall, reprints also without commentary. Lastly, Denver himself lacks curiosity enough to examine alternatives. A while alternatives, he suggested trees do better in ravines because they were more sheltered there from RF. He still has not come up with the most likely answer all this time later, an answer my primary school-age nieces came up with in a flash.

    With such poor scientific method, it is no wonder that the RF scaremonger crowd is so poorly viewed, and why their record on the scientific, regulatory, political, public and commercial fronts is one of abject failure. Claims of conspiracy, or that more research or the opinions of sporadic, isolated commentators are about to prove them right do not measure up against that dismal record.

  5. Art Tricque says:

    RF scaremongers are not brave at all: they are cowards. They get together every few years at some made-up, high-sounding forum name, and issue the “Nepean Resolution” on the Internet instead of in a scientific journal. Magda Havas RF arely publishes any research at all, and when she does it is self-published or in obscure journals. And when she receives offers to repeat research she continually cites as showing RF causes harm, but with better equipment and methodology, she refuses. No wonder the record of RF scaremongers is so poor in every domain they have sought to influence (qv).

  6. deever says:

    Art, as usual, you are boringly flogging way off course. How interested are you & your chums really in the actual science (won’t even get into your “totality” nonsense), set aside for now the issue of co-optation, culture &c? One Ontario public health “authority” recently tried to get away with a sweep of the hand assurance that since the last “Health” Canada issuance of Danger Code 6 in ’09, there is ongoing review of the sci lit and, nothing to worry about. Like he missed all of these, plenty indicative/suggestive of harm from umpteen angles; you sure missed it, Mr Totality (I’m expecting it to be rejected for length, might try to post in parts — are skeptos worth the bother?):

    Thomas S et al, (February 2010) Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields and behavioural problems in Bavarian children and adolescents, Eur J Epidemiol. 2010 Feb;25(2):135-41. Epub 2009 Dec 4

    “adolescents showed an abnormal mental behaviour.[...] behavioural problems ”

    Fragopoulou AF et al, (June 2010) Whole body exposure with GSM 900MHz affects spatial memory in mice, Pathophysiology. 2010 Jun;17(3):179-187. Epub 2009 Dec 1

    “deficit in transferring the acquired spatial information ”

    Perez-Castejon C et al, (December 2009) Exposure to ELF-pulse modulated X band microwaves increases in vitro human astrocytoma cell proliferation, Histol Histopathol. 2009 Dec;24(12):1551-61

    “increased cell proliferation”

    Salama N et al, (December 2009) The mobile phone decreases fructose but not citrate in rabbit semen: a longitudinal study, Syst Biol Reprod Med. 2009 Dec;55(5-6):181-7

    “affected sperm motility”

    de Tommaso M et al, (October 2009) Mobile phones exposure induces changes of contingent negative variation in humans, Neurosci Lett. 2009 Oct 23;464(2):79-83. Epub 2009 Aug 21

    “Mobile Phones exposures [...] act on brain electrical activity, reducing the arousal and expectation of warning stimulus.”

    Belyaev I et al, (October 2009) Microwaves from Mobile Phones Inhibit 53BP1 Focus Formation in Human Stem Cells Stronger than in Differentiated Cells: Possible Mechanistic Link to Cancer Risk, Environ Health Perspect. 2009 Oct 22. [Epub ahead of print]

    “stem cells are most sensitive to microwave exposure”

    Myung SK et al, (November 2009) Mobile phone use and risk of tumors: a meta-analysis, J Clin Oncol. 2009 Nov 20;27(33):5565-72. Epub 2009 Oct 13

    “increased risk of tumors”

    Zhijian C et al, (January 2010) Impact of 1.8-GHz radiofrequency radiation (RFR) on DNA damage and repair induced by doxorubicin in human B-cell lymphoblastoid cells, Mutat Res. 2010 Jan;695(1-2):16-21. Epub 2009 Oct 13

    “obviously influence DNA repair”

    Otitoloju AA et al, (October 2009) Preliminary study on the induction of sperm head abnormalities in mice, Mus musculus, exposed to radiofrequency radiations from global system for mobile communication base stations, Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2010 Jan;84(1):51-4. Epub 2009 Oct 9

    “sperm head abnormalities [...] knobbed hook, pin-head and banana-shaped sperm head.”

    Del Vecchio G et al, (October 2009) Effect of radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure on in vitro models of neurodegenerative disease, Bioelectromagnetics. 2009 Oct;30(7):564-72

    “co-stressor for oxidative damage of neural cells”

    Desai NR et al, (October 2009) Pathophysiology of cell phone radiation: oxidative stress and carcinogenesis with focus on male reproductive system, Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2009 Oct 22;7:114

    “on mammalian cells and sperm DNA as well as its effect on apoptosis”

    Goldwein O, Aframian DJ, (September 2009) The influence of handheld mobile phones on human parotid gland secretion, Oral Dis. 2009 Sep 8. [Epub ahead of print]

    ” continuous insult to [salivary] glands.”

    Soderqvist F et al, (August 2009) Exposure to an 890-MHz mobile phone-like signal and serum levels of S100B and transthyretin in volunteers, Toxicol Lett. 2009 Aug 25;189(1):63-6. Epub 2009 May 7

    “brain barrier integrity”

    Sharma VP et al, (October 2009) Mobile phone radiation inhibits Vigna radiata (mung bean) root growth by inducing oxidative stress, Sci Total Environ. 2009 Oct 15;407(21):5543-7. Epub 2009 Aug 13

    “inhibited the germination [...] growths [...] in mung bean [...] oxidative stress and cellular damage.[...] inhibit root growth”

    Contalbrigo L et al, (August 2009) Effects of different electromagnetic fields on circadian rhythms of some haematochemical parameters in rats, Biomed Environ Sci. 2009 Aug;22(4):348-53

    “on circadian rhythms”

    De Iuliis GN et al, (July 2009) Mobile phone radiation induces reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in human spermatozoa in vitro, PLoS One. 2009 Jul 31;4(7):e6446

    “human spermatozoa, decreasing the motility and vitality [...] DNA fragmentation.”

    Soderqvist F et al, (April 2009) Mobile and cordless telephones, serum transthyretin and the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier: a cross-sectional study, Environ Health. 2009 Apr 21;8:19

    “higher [serum & cerebrospinal fluid carrier of thyroid hormone] levels”

    Budak GG et al, (April 2009) Effects of GSM-like radiofrequency on distortion product otoacoustic emissions in pregnant adult rabbits, Clin Invest Med. 2009 Apr 1;32(2):E112-6

    “[cochlear function]”

    Mousavy SJ et al, (April 2009) Effects of mobile phone radiofrequency on the structure and function of the normal human hemoglobin, Int J Biol Macromol. 2009 Apr 1;44(3):278-85

    “[hemoglobin]”

    Orendacova J et al, (March 2009) Immunohistochemical Study of Postnatal Neurogenesis After Whole-body Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields: Evaluation of Age- and Dose-Related Changes in Rats, Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2009 Mar 21. [Epub ahead of print]

    “early postnatal neurogenesis.”

    Ruediger HW, (March 2009) Genotoxic effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields, Pathophysiology. 2009 Mar 12. [Epub ahead of print]

    “genotoxic action [...] microthermal effects in cellular structures, formation of free radicals, or an interaction with DNA-repair mechanisms.”

    Pourlis AF, (March 2009) Reproductive and developmental effects of EMF in vertebrate animal models, Pathophysiology. 2009 Mar 7. [Epub ahead of print]

    “Reproductive and developmental effects”

    Blank M, Goodman R, (March 2009) Electromagnetic fields stress living cells, Pathophysiology. 2009 Mar 4. [Epub ahead of print]

    “safety limits must be changed”

    Hardell L et al, (March 2009) Epidemiological evidence for an association between use of wireless phones and tumor diseases, Pathophysiology. 2009 Mar 4. [Epub ahead of print]

    “increased risk for glioma and acoustic neuroma”

    Blackman C, (March 2009) Cell phone radiation: Evidence from ELF and RF studies supporting more inclusive risk identification and assessment, Pathophysiology. 2009 Aug;16(2-3):205-16. Epub 2009 Mar 4

    “public-health-based radiation exposure standards are limited”

    Phillips JL et al, (March 2009) Electromagnetic fields and DNA damage, Pathophysiology. 2009 Mar 3. [Epub ahead of print]

    “DNA damage”

    Budak GG et al, (March 2009) Effects of intrauterine and extrauterine exposure to GSM-like radiofrequency on distortion product otoacoustic emissions in infant male rabbits, Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2009 Mar;73(3):391-9. Epub 2008 Dec 23

    “hazardous effects of RF”

    “children must be protected from RF exposure”
    Gajski G et al, (March 2009) Radioprotective effects of honeybee venom (Apis mellifera) against 915-MHz microwave radiation-induced DNA damage in wistar rat lymphocytes: in vitro study, Int J Toxicol. 2009 Mar-Apr;28(2):88-98

    “DNA damage induction”

    Kundi M, (March 2009) The controversy about a possible relationship between mobile phone use and cancer, Environ Health Perspect. 2009 Mar;117(3):316-24

    “overall evidence speaks in favor of an increased risk”

    Zareen N et al, (March 2009) Derangement of chick embryo retinal differentiation caused by radiofrequency electromagnetic fields, Congenit Anom (Kyoto). 2009 Mar;49(1):15-9

    “derangement of chicken embryo retinal differentiation.”

    Gul A et al, (February 2009) The effects of microwave emitted by cellular phones on ovarian follicles in rats, Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2009 Feb 25. [Epub ahead of print]

    ” toxic effects on ovaries.”

    Bas O et al, (February 2009) 900 MHz electromagnetic field exposure affects qualitative and quantitative features of hippocampal pyramidal cells in the adult female rat, Brain Res. 2009 Feb 20. [Epub ahead of print]

    “pyramidal [neurons]”

    Schuz J et al, (2009) Risks for central nervous system diseases among mobile phone subscribers: a Danish retrospective cohort study, PLoS ONE. 2009;4(2):e4389. Epub 2009 Feb 5

    “migraine and vertigo ”

    Verschaeve L, (November 2008) Genetic damage in subjects exposed to radiofrequency radiation, Mutat Res. 2008 Nov 27. [Epub ahead of print]

    “genetic damage”

    Tkalec M et al, (November 2008) Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on seed germination and root meristematic cells of Allium cepa L, Mutat Res. 2008 Nov 5. [Epub ahead of print]

    “mitotic aberrations in [onion]”

    Belyaev IY et al, (October 2008) Microwaves from UMTS/GSM mobile phones induce long-lasting inhibition of 53BP1/gamma-H2AX DNA repair foci in human lymphocytes, Bioelectromagnetics. 2008 Oct 6. [Epub ahead of print]

    “[inhibitoin of] DNA repair”

    Franzellitti S et al, (October 2008) HSP70 Expression in Human Trophoblast Cells Exposed to Different 1.8 GHz Mobile Phone Signals, Rad. Res. 2008 Oct;170(4): 488-497
    “[messenger RNA]”

    Sokolovic D et al, (September 2008) Melatonin Reduces Oxidative Stress Induced by Chronic Exposure of Microwave Radiation from Mobile Phones in Rat Brain, J Radiat Res (Tokyo). 2008 Sep 29. [Epub ahead of print]

    ” oxidative damage ”

    Agarwal A et al, (September 2008) Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculated semen: an in vitro pilot study, Fertil Steril. 2008 Sep 18. [Epub ahead of print]

    “oxidative stress in human semen”

    Wiholm C et al, (September 2008) Mobile phone exposure and spatial memory, Bioelectromagnetics. 2008 Sep 15. [Epub ahead of print]

    “[cognitive and neural effects]”

    Palumbo R et al, (September 2008) Exposure to 900 MHz Radiofrequency Radiation Induces Caspase 3 Activation in Proliferating Human Lymphocytes, Radiat Res. 2008 Sep;170(3):327-34

    “[apoptosis, necrosis & inflammation]”

    Odaci E et al, (August 2008) Effects of prenatal exposure to a 900 Mhz electromagnetic field on the dentate gyrus of rats: a stereological and histopathological study, Brain Res. 2008 Aug 16. [Epub ahead of print]

    ” prenatal [...] hippocampus [c]ell loss [in] neurogenesis”

    Andrzejak R et al, (August 2008) The influence of the call with a mobile phone on heart rate variability parameters in healthy volunteers, Ind Health. 2008 Aug;46(4):409-17

    “heart rate variability”

    Pavicic I, Trosic I, (August 2008) In vitro testing of cellular response to ultra high frequency electromagnetic field radiation, Toxicol In Vitro. 2008 Aug;22(5):1344-8

    “obstruct cell growth”

    Zhang SZ et al, (August 2008) Effect of 1.8 GHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on gene expression of rat neurons, Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2008 Aug;26(8):449-52

    “genes transcription [...] neurons”

    Eberhardt JL et al, (2008) Blood-brain barrier permeability and nerve cell damage in rat brain 14 and 28 days after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones, Electromagn Biol Med. 2008;27(3):215-29

    “damaged neurons”

    Mathur R, (2008) Effect of chronic intermittent exposure to AM radiofrequency field on responses to various types of noxious stimuli in growing rats, Electromagn Biol Med. 2008;27(3):266-76

    “[altered pain sensation]”

    Matronchik AY, Belyaev IY et al, (2008) Mechanism for combined action of microwaves and static magnetic field: slow non uniform rotation of charged nucleoid, Electromagn Biol Med. 2008;27(4):340-54

    “non thermal effects of MW are dependent on carrier frequency and also static magnetic field in the area of exposure”

    Perentos N et al, (2008) The effect of GSM-like ELF radiation on the alpha band of the human resting EEG, Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2008;2008:5680-3

    “human EEG”

    Yan JG et al, (2008) Upregulation of specific mRNA levels in rat brain after cell phone exposure, Electromagn Biol Med. 2008;27(2):147-54

    “neurological damage”

    Yao K et al, (May 2008) Electromagnetic noise inhibits radiofrequency radiation-induced DNA damage and reactive oxygen species increase in human lens epithelial cells, Mol Vis. 2008 May 19;14:964-9

    “DNA damage”

    Divan H et al, (May 2008) Prenatal and Postnatal Exposure to Cell Phone Use, Epidemiology. 2008 May 7 [Epub ahead of print]

    “behavioral difficulties”

    George DF et al, (May 2008) Non-thermal effects in the microwave induced unfolding of proteins observed by chaperone binding, Bioelectromagnetics. 2008 May;29(4):324-30

    “[protein] unfolding”

    Yao K et al, (May 2008) Effect of superposed electromagnetic noise on DNA damage of lens epithelial cells induced by microwave radiation, Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 May;49(5):2009-15

    “DNA damage”

    Baste V et al, (April 2008) Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields; male infertility and sex ratio of offspring, Eur J Epidemiol. 2008 Apr 16 [Epub ahead of print]

    “lower ratio of boys to girls at birth”

    Lerchl A et al, (April 2008) Effects of mobile phone electromagnetic fields at nonthermal SAR values on melatonin and body weight of Djungarian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus), J Pineal Res. 2008 Apr;44(3):267-72

    “metabolic effects”

    Rao VS et al, (March 2008) Nonthermal effects of radiofrequency-field exposure on calcium dynamics in stem cell-derived neuronal cells: elucidation of calcium pathways, Radiat Res. 2008 Mar;169(3):319-29

    “[calcium dynamics]”

    Sadetzki S et al, (February 2008) Cellular Phone Use and Risk of Benign and Malignant Parotid Gland Tumors A Nationwide Case-Control Study, Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Dec 6 [Epub ahead of print]

    “[Parotid Gland Tumors]”

    Aly AA et al, (February 2008) Effects of 900-MHz radio frequencies on the chemotaxis of human neutrophils in vitro, IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2008 Feb;55(2):795-7

    “[direction of movement in white blood cells]”

    Karinen A et al, (February 2008) Mobile phone radiation might alter protein expression in human skin, BMC Genomics. 2008 Feb 11;9:77

    “molecular level changes”

    Rezk AY et al, (February 2008) Fetal and neonatal responses following maternal exposure to mobile phones, Saudi Med J. 2008 Feb;29(2):218-23

    “fetal and neonatal [heart rate]”

    Agarwal A et al, (January 2008) Effect of cell phone usage on semen analysis in men attending infertility clinic, Fertil Steril. 2008 Jan;89(1):124-8

    “decrease the semen quality”

    Joubert V et al, (January 2008) Apoptosis is Induced by Radiofrequency Fields through the Caspase-Independent Mitochondrial Pathway in Cortical Neurons, Radiat Res. 2008 Jan;169(1):38-45

    “[apoptosis-inducing factor]”

    Mazor R et al, (January 2008) Increased levels of numerical chromosome aberrations after in vitro exposure of human peripheral blood lymphocytes to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields for 72 hours, Radiat Res. 2008 Jan;169(1):28-37

    “[abnormal number of chromosomes]”

    Hassig M et al, (February 2012) Increased occurence of nuclear cataract in the calf after erection of a mobile phone base station, Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2012 Feb;154(2):82-6

    “cataracts [& base stations]”

    Eskander EF et al, (November 2011) How does long term exposure to base stations and mobile phones affect human hormone profiles?, Clin Biochem. 2011 Nov 27. [Epub ahead of print]

    “pituitary-adrenal axis [& base stations]”

    Dode AC et al, (July 2011) Mortality by neoplasia and cellular telephone base stations in the Belo Horizonte municipality, Minas Gerais state, Brazil, Sci Total Environ. 2011 Jul 7. [Epub ahead of print]

    “[cancer] deaths [& base stations]”

    Trillo MA et al, (January 2011) Cytostatic response of NB69 cells to weak pulse-modulated 2.2 GHz radar-like signals, Bioelectromagnetics. 2011 Jan 28. doi: 10.1002/bem.20643. [Epub ahead of print]

    “[inhibiting cell growth and division]”

    Augner C et al, (June 2010) Effects of exposure to GSM mobile phone base station signals on salivary cortisol, alpha-amylase, and immunoglobulin A, Biomed Environ Sci. 2010 Jun;23(3):199-207.

    “psychobiological stress markers [& base stations]”

    Augner C et al, (September 2008) GSM base stations: Short-term effects on well-being, Bioelectromagnetics. 2008 Sep 19. [Epub ahead of print]

    “reducing psychological arousal.”

    Aldad TS et al, (March 2012) Fetal radiofrequency radiation exposure from 800-1900 mhz-rated cellular telephones affects neurodevelopment and behavior in mice, Sci Rep. 2012;2:312. Epub 2012 Mar 15

    “hyperactive and had impaired memory [...] behavioral changes were due to altered neuronal developmental programming [...] impaired glutamatergic synaptic transmission [...] neuropathology due to in-utero cellular telephone radiation.”

    Jing J et al, (March 2012) The influence of microwave radiation from cellular phone on fetal rat brain, Electromagn Biol Med. 2012 Mar;31(1):57-66. Epub 2012 Jan 23

    “microwave radiation from cellular phones during pregnancy has certain harm on fetal rat brains.”

    Trivino Pardo JC et al, (March 2012) Microwave electromagnetic field regulates gene expression in T-lymphoblastoid leukemia CCRF-CEM cell line exposed to 900 MHz, Electromagn Biol Med. 2012 Mar;31(1):1-18

    ” (EMF) could induce adverse health effects”

    Jiang B et al, (2012) Adaptive Response in Mice Exposed to 900 MHz Radiofrequency Fields: Primary DNA Damage, PLoS One. 2012;7(2):e32040. Epub 2012 Feb 28

    “damage in mice”

    Calabro E et al, (February 2012) Modulation of heat shock protein response in SH-SY5Y by mobile phone microwaves, World J Biol Chem. 2012 Feb 26;3(2):34-40

    “[heat shock protieins] in neuronal cells”

    Cam ST, Seyhan N, (February 2012) Single-strand DNA breaks in human hair root cells exposed to mobile phone radiation, Int J Radiat Biol. 2012 Feb 21. [Epub ahead of print]

    “short-term exposure [...] mobile phone [...] DNA single-strand breaks”

    Vecchio F et al, (February 2012) Mobile phone emission increases inter-hemispheric functional coupling of electroencephalographic alpha rhythms in epileptic patients, Int J Psychophysiol. 2012 Feb 16. [Epub ahead of print]

    “inter-hemispheric synchronization of the dominant (alpha) EEG rhythms in epileptic patients [...] clinical implications and be related to changes in cognitive-motor function.”

    Cammaerts MC et al, (January 2012) GSM 900 MHz radiation inhibits ants’ association between food sites and encountered cues, Electromagn Biol Med. 2012 Jan 23. [Epub ahead of print]

    ” ants [...] lose all that they had memorized [...] in a few hours [...] impact of GSM 900 MHz radiation was greater on the visual memory than on the olfactory one. [...] disastrous impact on a wide range of insects”

    Dasdag S et al, (January 2012) Effect of 900 MHz Radio Frequency Radiation on Beta Amyloid Protein, Protein Carbonyl, and Malondialdehyde in the Brain, Electromagn Biol Med. 2012 Jan 23. [Epub ahead of print]

    “mobile/cellular phones can be an agent to alter some biomolecules .”

    Fragopoulou AF et al, (January 2012) Brain proteome response following whole body exposure of mice to mobile phone or wireless DECT base radiation, Electromagn Biol Med. 2012 Jan 20. [Epub ahead of print]

    “brain plasticity alterations, indicative of oxidative stress in the nervous system [...]apoptosis [...] human health hazards ”

    Maskey D et al, (January 2012) Calcium-binding proteins and GFAP immunoreactivity alterations in murine hippocampus after 1 month of exposure to 835MHz radiofrequency at SAR values of 1.6 and 4.0W/kg, Neurosci Lett. 2012 Jan 11;506(2):292-6. Epub 2011 Nov 25

    “neuronal loss.”

    Soderqvist F et al, (December 2011) Childhood brain tumour risk and its association with wireless phones: a commentary, Environ Health. 2011 Dec 19;10(1):106. [Epub ahead of print]

    “increased risk, despite low exposure, short latency period”

    Guler G et al, (December 2011) The effect of radiofrequency radiation on DNA and lipid damage in female and male infant rabbits, Int J Radiat Biol. 2011 Dec 7. [Epub ahead of print]

    “biochemical changes by increasing free radical attacks”

    Esmekaya MA et al, (December 2011) Mutagenic and morphologic impacts of 1.8GHz radiofrequency radiation on human peripheral blood lymphocytes (hPBLs) and possible protective role of pre-treatment with Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761), Sci Total Environ. 2011 Dec 1;410-411:59-64. Epub 2011 Oct 19

    “chromosomal damage”

    Kesari KK et al, (December 2011) 900-MHz microwave radiation promotes oxidation in rat brain, Electromagn Biol Med. 2011 Dec;30(4):219-34

    “overproduction of reactive oxygen species ”

    Trosic I et al, (December 2011) Effect of electromagnetic radiofrequency radiation on the rats’ brain, liver and kidney cells measured by comet assay, Coll Antropol. 2011 Dec;35(4):1259-64

    “DNA breaks in renal and liver cells”

    Eskander EF et al, (November 2011) How does long term exposure to base stations and mobile phones affect human hormone profiles?, Clin Biochem. 2011 Nov 27. [Epub ahead of print]

    “effects on pituitary-adrenal axis.”

    Sun W et al, (November 2011) A 1.8-GHz radiofrequency radiation induces EGF receptor clustering and phosphorylation in cultured human amniotic (FL) cells, Int J Radiat Biol. 2011 Nov 18. [Epub ahead of print]

    “membrane receptors [...] main targets”

    Ballardin M et al, (November 2011) Non-thermal effects of 2.45 GHz microwaves on spindle assembly, mitotic cells and viability of Chinese hamster V-79 cells, Mutat Res. 2011 Nov 1;716(1-2):1-9. Epub 2011 Jul 30

    “pro-apoptotic signal for the cell line.”

    Lukac N et al, (October 2011) In vitro effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves on bovine spermatozoa motility, J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2011 Oct;46(12):1417-23

    “spermatozoa motility.”

    Cardis E et al, (September 2011) Risk of brain tumours in relation to estimated RF dose from mobile phones: results from five Interphone countries, Occup Environ Med. 2011 Sep;68(9):631-40. Epub 2011 Jun 9

    “increased risk of glioma ”

    Jorge-Mora T et al, (August 2011) The Effects of Single and Repeated Exposure to 2.45 GHz Radiofrequency Fields on c-Fos Protein Expression in the Paraventricular Nucleus of Rat Hypothalamus, Neurochem Res. 2011 Aug 5. [Epub ahead of print]

    “[hypothalmus] sensitive to 2.45 GHz microwave radiation at non-thermal SAR levels.”

    Loughran SP et al, (August 2011) Individual differences in the effects of mobile phone exposure on human sleep: Rethinking the problem, Bioelectromagnetics. 2011 Aug 3. doi: 10.1002/bem.20691. [Epub ahead of print]

    ” affecting the EEG during non-REM sleep”

    Sarapultseva EI, Igolkina JV, (August 2011) Experimental Study of Relationship between Biological Hazards of Low-Dose Radiofrequency Exposure and Energy Flow Density in Spirostomum Ambiguum Infusoria Exposed at a Mobile Connection Frequency (1 GHz), Bull Exp Biol Med. 2011 Aug;151(4):477-80

    “harmful biological effects of very low radiofrequency exposure [...] threshold form of biological reaction”

    Karaca E et al, (July 2011) The genotoxic effect of radiofrequency waves on mouse brain, J Neurooncol. 2011 Jul 6. [Epub ahead of print]

    “damage DNA and change gene expression in brain cells.”

    Levis AG et al, (June 2011) Mobile phones and head tumours. The discrepancies in cause-effect relationships in the epidemiological studies – how do they arise?, Environ Health. 2011 Jun 17;10:59

    ” doubling of the risk of head tumours”

    Kumar S et al, (2011) The therapeutic effect of a pulsed electromagnetic field on the reproductive patterns of male Wistar rats exposed to a 2.45-GHz microwave field, Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2011;66(7):1237-45

    ” hazards that affect testicular function [...] microwave exposure adversely affects male fertility”

    Yoon SY et al, (2011) Induction of Hair Growth by Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 in 1,763 MHz Radiofrequency-Irradiated Hair Follicle Cells, PLoS One. 2011;6(12):e28474. Epub 2011 Dec 2

    “[effect on] hair growth”

    Esmekaya MA et al, (December 2010) Pulse modulated 900 MHz radiation induces hypothyroidism and apoptosis in thyroid cells: a light, electron microscopy and immunohistochemical study, Int J Radiat Biol. 2010 Dec;86(12):1106-16. Epub 2010 Sep 1

    “pathological changes in the thyroid gland ”

    Esmekaya MA et al, (March 2011) 900 MHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative stress on heart, lung, testis and liver tissues, Gen Physiol Biophys. 2011 Mar;30(1):84-9

    “oxidative injury in liver, lung, testis and heart tissues”

    Cao Y et al, (February 2011) Induction of adaptive response: Pre-exposure of mice to 900 MHz radiofrequency fields reduces hematopoietic damage caused by subsequent exposure to ionising radiation, Int J Radiat Biol. 2011 Feb 7. [Epub ahead of print]

    “[Induction of adaptive response]”

    Liu ML et al, (February 2011) Potential Protection of Green Tea Polyphenols Against 1800 MHz Electromagnetic Radiation-Induced Injury on Rat Cortical Neurons, Neurotox Res. 2011 Feb 4. [Epub ahead of print]

    “mobile phone irradiation-induced increases [pro-apoptopic] active Bax”

    Trillo MA et al, (January 2011) Cytostatic response of NB69 cells to weak pulse-modulated 2.2 GHz radar-like signals, Bioelectromagnetics. 2011 Jan 28. doi: 10.1002/bem.20643. [Epub ahead of print]

    “[inhibition of cell growth and multiplication]”

    Kesari KK et al, (January 2011) Effects of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Wave Exposure from Cellular Phones on the Reproductive Pattern in Male Wistar Rats, Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2011 Jan 15. [Epub ahead of print]

    “clear indications of an infertility pattern”

    Kumar NR et al, (January 2011) Exposure to cell phone radiations produces biochemical changes in worker honey bees, Toxicol Int. 2011 Jan;18(1):70-2

    “stimulation of body mechanism to fight the stressful condition created by the radiations.”

    Lowden A et al, (January 2011) Sleep after mobile phone exposure in subjects with mobile phone-related symptoms, Bioelectromagnetics. 2011 Jan;32(1):4-14

    “RF exposure increased the EEG alpha range in the sleep EEG”

    Grigoriev YG et al, (December 2010) Confirmation studies of Soviet research on immunological effects of microwaves: Russian immunology results, Bioelectromagnetics. 2010 Dec;31(8):589-602. doi: 10.1002/bem.20605. Epub 2010 Sep 20

    “increases in formation of antibodies in brain tissue ”

    Ozgur E et al, (November 2010) Mobile phone radiation-induced free radical damage in the liver is inhibited by the antioxidants N-acetyl cysteine and epigallocatechin-gallate, Int J Radiat Biol. 2010 Nov;86(11):935-45. Epub 2010 Sep 1

    “oxidative damage and changes the activities of antioxidant enzymes in the liver”

    Khurana VG et al, (July 2010) Epidemiological evidence for a health risk from mobile phone base stations, Int J Occup Environ Health. 2010 Jul-Sep;16(3):263-7

    “adverse neurobehavioral symptoms or cancer in populations living at distances 10 year latency group”

    Sirav B, Seyhan N, (2009) Blood-brain barrier disruption by continuous-wave radio frequency radiation, Electromagn Biol Med. 2009;28(2):215-22

    “permeability of Blood Brain Barrier”

    Sirav B, Seyhan N, (December 2011) Effects of radiofrequency radiation exposure on blood-brain barrier permeability in male and female rats, Electromagn Biol Med. 2011 Dec;30(4):253-60

    “A significant increase in albumin was found in the brains of the RF-exposed male rats ”

    Cam ST, Seyhan N, (February 2012) Single-strand DNA breaks in human hair root cells exposed to mobile phone radiation, Int J Radiat Biol. 2012 Feb 21. [Epub ahead of print]

    “significant increase in DNA single-strand breaks ”

    Lopez-Martin E et al, (May 2009) The action of pulse-modulated GSM radiation increases regional changes in brain activity and c-Fos expression in cortical and subcortical areas in a rat model of picrotoxin-induced seizure proneness, J Neurosci Res. 2009 May 1;87(6):1484-99

    “specific effect of the pulse modulation of GSM radiation on brain activity ”

    Morgan LL, (April 2009) Estimating the risk of brain tumors from cellphone use: Published case-control studies, Pathophysiology. 2009 Apr 6. [Epub ahead of print]

    “risk for brain tumors”

    Nittby H et al, (August 2009) Increased blood-brain barrier permeability in mammalian brain 7 days after exposure to the radiation from a GSM-900 mobile phone, Pathophysiology. 2009 Aug;16(2-3):103-12. Epub 2009 Apr 2

    ” increased BBB permeability ”

    Nittby H et al, (2008) Radiofrequency and extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field effects on the blood-brain barrier, Electromagn Biol Med. 2008;27(2):103-26

    “effects on the blood-brain barrier”

    Yan JG et al, (2008) Upregulation of specific mRNA levels in rat brain after cell phone exposure, Electromagn Biol Med. 2008;27(2):147-54

    “chronic exposure to cell phone microwave radiation may result in cumulative injuries that could eventually lead to clinically significant neurological damage”

    Hardell L et al, (May 2008) Meta-analysis of long-term mobile phone use and the association with brain tumours, Int J Oncol. 2008 May;32(5):1097-103

    “ipsilateral glioma and acoustic neuroma “

    • Doubting Thomas says:

      This lengthy citation makes me think of the Macbeth soliloquy in act 5, scene 5 – “Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury signifying nothing.” Many of these studies report biological changes with no known clinical significance, suffer from serious methodological weaknesses or have been refuted by more robust studies. Or, like the Dode AC et al, (July 2011) cancer study in Brazil, just plain nonsence. For insight to what is wrong with this high school science project, see the Foster/Trottier critique here: http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0048969712008194/1-s2.0-S0048969712008194-main.pdf?_tid=77b5349c-071c-11e2-985f-00000aab0f6c&acdnat=1348583142_178d471311212d6179dae77c5dfaf043

      • deever says:

        I did not know of this riposte by the two industry apologists, good of Thomas to bring it. But I’ll have to get to it later. So good of you to cherry-pick, that fave accusation of skeptos, the study you want to tar (which is a remarkable study nonetheless, in line with several other cell base station studies and cancer, which Thomas wouldn’t know or care about anyway, would he). Do please list more “refutations”. And of course, whenever there is a SINGLE study showing harm, a 1000 “refutations’ of all the rest have what import re public health sci, Thomas? Bye for now.

      • deever says:

        There should shortly be rebuttal of Foster & Trot. (Thomas’ link) published in same journal. fyi

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    Michael is an advanced-care paramedic in York Region, just north of Toronto, Ontario. A semi-retired theatrical lighting designer as well, he re-trained in 2005 as an EMT-PS at the University of Iowa and as an ACP at Durham College, and is currently working towards a B.Sc at the University of Toronto. Michael is a founder and the chair of the board of directors of Bad Science Watch. He is also the recipient of the first annual Barry Beyerstein Award for Skepticism. Follow Michael on twitter @anxiousmedic. Michael's musings are his own and do not necessarily represent those of his employer or Bad Science Watch.